J. Gresham Machen

J. Gresham Machen (1881 1937) was an American Presbyterian theologian. He was the Professor of New Testament at Princeton Seminary from 1915 to 1929. He led a conservative revolt against modernist theology at Princeton and in 1929 founded Westminster Theological Seminary in Philadelphia as a more orthodox alternative. He taught New Testament at Westminster until his death.

As the Northern Presbyterian Church continued to reject conservative attempts to enforce faithfulness to the Westminster Confession, Machen led a small group of conservatives out of the church to form the Orthodox Presbyterian Church in 1936.

Machen is considered to be the last of the great Princeton Theologians who, since the formation of the college in the early 19th century, had developed Princeton theology: a conservative and Calvinist form of Evangelical Christianity. Although Machen can be compared to the great Princeton Theologians (Archibald Alexander, Charles Hodge, A. A. Hodge and B. B. Warfield) he was neither a lecturer in theology nor did he ever become the seminary's principal.

Machen's influence can still be felt today through the existence of both institutions that he founded - Westminster Seminary and the Orthodox Presbyterian Church. In addition, his textbook on basic New Testament Greek is still used today in many seminaries. --Adapted from Wikipedia

Christianity and Liberalism

The Christian View of Man

God Transcendent

The Gospel & the Modern World and Other Short Writings

The New Testament: An Introduction to Its Literature and History

New Testament Greek for Beginners (2nd ed.)

Notes on Galatians

The Origin of Paul's Religion

Selected Shorter Writings

What is Faith?


The Virgin Birth of Christ

Education, Christianity, & the State (with John W. Robbins)


The Atonement

Christianity and Culture

Christianity and Liberalism

History and Faith

The Minister and His Greek Testament

New Testament Greek: A Brief Introduction

On the Deity of Jesus Christ

The Origin of Paul's Relgion

The Resurrection of Christ

What is Christianity? [TOP]

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